status quo, extracurricular sports, before and after COVID-19

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Purpose: Since the outbreak of the Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) in December 2019, the General Office of the National Health Commission has put forward the epidemic prevention requirements, such as minimizing unnecessary travel. In December 2022, The State Council issued the latest epidemic prevention policy, marking the country's three-year epidemic control policy. In this case, this paper conducted a comparative study on the number of participants, cognition, attitude, motivation, frequency, time and organization of extracurricular sports activities in primary and secondary schools of Yan 'an City before and after the COVID-19 outbreak, and analyzed and studied the data obtained. Methods: By consulting relevant information; Conduct targeted interviews with leaders involved in the organization and management of extracurricular sports activities and teachers of related majors; Questionnaires were formulated and distributed, and data of the questionnaires were statistically processed to conduct a comparative study on the status quo before and after the epidemic. 400 students from Yuying Middle School, Yan 'an Middle School, Yan 'an No. 3 Middle School, Yan 'an Vocational and Technical College Affiliated Primary School, Yan 'an New District No. 2 Middle School and Beiguan Primary School were selected as the research objects. According to the research needs, a total of 400 questionnaires were sent out and 392 were recovered with a recovery rate of 98%, among which 386 were valid with a recovery rate of 96.5%. The collected questionnaires can meet the needs of this survey. The questionnaire mainly includes the following questions: the form of PE teaching for PE teachers. Students' attitude, liking, motivation and favorite sports to participate in extracurricular sports activities. How often and how long students participate in extracurricular sports activities each week, and how the school conducts extracurricular sports activities. Results: According to the survey, 62.4% of primary and secondary school students think it is important to take part in extracurricular sports activities; The number of people who like extracurricular sports activities reached 145, accounting for 37.4% of the total, among which 115 were boys. The motivation of primary and middle school students to participate in extracurricular sports activities ranked first: promoting physical and mental health, accounting for 45%; 22.2%, 20.4%, 19.4% and 17.8% of the participants chose Taekwondo, roller skating, football and basketball, while 8.2% and 8.8% of the participants chose Wushu and volleyball. The frequency of participating in extracurricular sports activities is seven to ten times a week, accounting for 32.2% of the total; The number of male students who spend 60-90 minutes on each activity is the largest, accounting for 32.3%, while the number of female students who spend less than 30 minutes on each activity is the largest, accounting for 39.7%. Among primary and middle school students, the main ways to participate in extracurricular sports activities are morning exercise, recess exercise and club activities, accounting for 79%, 79.8% and 49.7% respectively. The quality of school organization directly affects students' interest. During the epidemic, 46.32% of physical education teachers chose to provide students with online physical education courses, 20.18% chose video classes, and only 9.34% chose live classes. Conclusion: With the end of the epidemic, although extracurricular sports activities did not return to the pre-epidemic level, students' attitude, cognition, motivation, and other subjective factors have significantly improved, and they pay more attention to physical health.