Document Type



evaluation, effectiveness, supply, spatial perspective

Publication Date



The requirement of "building a higher-level National Fitness Public Service system centering on meeting the needs of the people" by the Chinese State Council is to guarantee and satisfy the demand of public through effective supply. However, despite of the clear purpose of the task, there is still a gap between the actual and the expected status of National Fitness Public Service supply. Based on the characteristics of the perspective of space, the purpose of this study is to examine how to measure and achieve the effectiveness of National Fitness Public Service’s supply. By reviewing the literature, relevant results of the performance evaluation system of National Fitness Public Service are sorted to provide theoretical support for the value orientation, index selection and other processes of the evaluation system constructed in this study. Current regulations on National Fitness Public Service in various fields in China are classified, and representative indicators are compared, analyzed, and summarized as the reference basis for evaluation standards. The value orientation of the evaluation system is shown in three levels in the spatial dimension: "ensuring spatial justice", "adapting to spatial needs" and "building value consensus". The spatial evaluation system is constructed based on the three-dimensional evaluation dimensions of "supply capacity", "behavioral demand" and "The degree of spatial coupling", this evaluation system comprehensively reflects the subjective and objective evaluation results. The study shows that when exploring reasons for insufficient effectiveness, factors should be analyzed from both of supply and demand sides. The evaluation results of the evaluation system are characterized by being Relative and Developmental. The evaluation results should be based on the relative effectiveness results produced by comparison, and absolute judgment should be avoided. The relative evaluation results focus on finding the elements, links and mechanisms with deficiencies, avoid stopping at the judgment of pros and cons, and should promote self-perfection, stimulate self-innovation and finally achieve the goal of self-development.