Hemingway and Gender History
Contribution to Books
Hemingway's boxing metaphor and the male opponents (emphasized by the masculine forms of address) neatly convey his belief -- this was before the discovery that Anonymous was a woman --that the world of writing should be a man's world, a boxing gym, no women allowed. And truly, his New Yorker performance and other, even less subtle, public displays have made "Papa Hemingway" synonymous with a stereotypical notion of masculinity. It is a standard rule of reading imaginative literature that one should distinguish between an author's actual life and the lives that appear in his or her fiction, but for many readers -- especially women -- Hemingway's fame as a man makes this rule hard to observe (Abbott 612). The accusation of male chauvinism hangs over the man an his work.
Sanderson, Rena. (1996). "Hemingway and Gender History". The Cambridge Companion to Hemingway, 170-196.