Hemingway and Gender History

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Contribution to Books

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Hemingway's boxing metaphor and the male opponents (emphasized by the masculine forms of address) neatly convey his belief -- this was before the discovery that Anonymous was a woman --that the world of writing should be a man's world, a boxing gym, no women allowed. And truly, his New Yorker performance and other, even less subtle, public displays have made "Papa Hemingway" synonymous with a stereotypical notion of masculinity. It is a standard rule of reading imaginative literature that one should distinguish between an author's actual life and the lives that appear in his or her fiction, but for many readers -- especially women -- Hemingway's fame as a man makes this rule hard to observe (Abbott 612). The accusation of male chauvinism hangs over the man an his work.

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