The Impact of a Brief Interprofessional Intervention on Attitudes Toward Wellness Promotion Among College Students in Helping Professions

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Research demonstrates that interprofessional education (IPE) is effective in changing attitudes and behaviors among college students and health professionals. This study utilized a longitudinal, mixed-methods design to assess impacts of a brief IPE intervention focusing on multidimensional wellness promotion. The intervention incorporated principles of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), and integrated a multidimensional conceptualization of wellness with Solution-Focused Coaching (SFC), an evidence-based approach to behavior change. One hundred and seventy-six (N = 176) students from health science programs (e.g. social work, nursing) at a large Western university were recruited for the study. Quantitative results demonstrated significant (p < .01) differences between pre, postintervention, and six-week follow-up, as well as between intervention and control groups (p < .01). To augment quantitative data, brief, semi-structured interviews were completed with thirteen (n = 13) participants. Results of an Applied Thematic Analysis (ATA) included five emergent themes: increased multidimensional wellness understanding, holistic conceptualization of patients, more training needed related to wellness, encouraging small behavior changes, and the importance of self-care. Findings demonstrate the effectiveness of a brief, solution-focused wellness promotion intervention in changing attitudes, understanding, and intention related to utilizing a multidimensional model of wellness with college students in helping professions.