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Education reformers often begin with the premise that American schools are failing to meet the needs of the modern era. Nationwide, average spending per pupil in K-12 education continues to grow while student performance on reading and math proficiency tests stagnates. There is also a concern for the overall competitiveness of the American education system and the ability of some school districts with greater need and fewer resources to keep pace with state expectations.

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Originally published in The Blue Review, an online journal of popular scholarship published by the Boise State University College of Social Sciences and Public Affairs. Provided under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs license. Details regarding the use of this work can be found at