Document Type


Publication Date



This study examines the variations among empirical findings of gender effects on the performance of public organizations; and identifies avenues for future efforts in the scholarship of gender and public administration. The meta-analysis using 72 studies published between 1999 and 2017 demonstrates that studies reporting statistical significance of female leadership and gender representation in the workforce tend to find a positive impact on performance. Study characteristics such as policy types/areas, time scopes, geographical context consistently affect the findings of gender effects, while the variance in measurement strategies and publication status do not make a difference in empirical evidence.


Date provided is the online early release publication date.

Copyright Statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an Article published in Public Management Review on March 11, 2020 (online early release), available online at doi: 10.1080/14719037.2020.1730940

Available for download on Saturday, September 11, 2021