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This study offers a structural model of father–daughter relationships from the perspective of adolescent daughters and identifies relational constructs that promote closeness in the dyad.


The relationship between fathers and daughters is important to daughters' healthy development yet is vulnerable to tension and distance, particularly during adolescence. Drawing on areas of father involvement that make positive contributions to the lives of adolescent daughters, we propose a relational framework of the father–daughter dyad.


Undergraduate females (N = 206) retrospectively reported on their relationship with their biological father during adolescence using an assessment tool developed for this study.


Constructs identified in the data included fathers' supportive involvement (composed of emotional support, autonomy support, communication, and shared activities), fathers' expectations, fathers' investment, daughters' desire for closeness, and daughters' perception of closeness. Findings indicated that supportive involvement positively and significantly predicted closeness, whereas expectations negatively and significantly predicted closeness.


This research proposes a structural framework of the father–daughter dyad and emphasizes the importance of fathers' emotional involvement and support in their adolescent daughters' lives.


Findings may inform interventions aimed to promote positive family relationships and provide a baseline comparison for future investigation of other types of father–daughter dyads.

Copyright Statement

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Blickman, R.S. & Campbell, C.G. (2023). Moving Toward an Integrated Model of the Father-Daughter Relationship During Adolescence. Family Relations, 72(5), 2664-2678, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.

Available for download on Monday, December 01, 2025