Disruptive biological and environmental factors may undermine the development of children’s motor and sensorimotor skills. Since the development of cognitive skills, including executive function, is grounded in early motor and sensorimotor experiences, early delays or impairments in motor and sensorimotor processing often trigger dynamic developmental cascades that lead to suboptimal executive function outcomes. The purpose of this perspective paper is to link early differences in motor/sensorimotor processing to the development of executive function in children born preterm or with cerebral palsy. Uncovering such links in clinical populations would improve our understanding of developmental pathways and key motor and sensorimotor skills that are antecedent and foundational for the development of executive function. This knowledge will allow the refinement of early interventions targeting motor and sensorimotor skills with the goal of proactively improving executive function outcomes in at-risk populations.
This is an author-produced, peer-reviewed version of this article. © 2023, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 International license. The final, definitive version of this document can be found online at Infant Behavior and Development, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2023.101881.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 International License.
Babik, Iryna; Cunha, Andrea B.; and Srinivasan, Sudha. (2023). "Biological and Environmental Factors May Affect Children’s Executive Function Through Motor and Sensorimotor Development: Preterm Birth and Cerebral Palsy". Infant Behavior and Development, 73, 101881. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2023.101881
Available for download on Saturday, November 01, 2025