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To investigate the time dependence of sodium nitroprusside- (NPS-) induced oxidative effects, the authors study the variation of the antioxidant enzyme CAT activity in various tissues after the administration of a single 2.5mg/kg dose of SNP or sodium chloride (NaCl 0.9%). For each of the two dosing times (1 and 13 hours after light onset, HALO, which correspond to the beginning of diurnal rest span and of nocturnal activity span of mice, resp.), brain, kidney, and liver tissues were excised from animals at 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, and 36 h following the drug administration and CAT activity was assayed.The results suggest that SNP-induced stimulation of CAT activity is greater in all three tissues when the drug is administered at 1 HALO than at 13 HALO. Two-way ANOVA revealed that CAT activity significantly (P < 0.004) varied as a function of the sampling time but not of the treatment in all three tissues. Moreover, a statistically significant (P < 0.004) interaction between the organ sampling-time and the SNP treatment was revealed in kidney regardless of the dosing time, whereas a highly significant (P < 0.0002) interaction was validated in liver only in animals injected at 13 HALO.

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This document was originally published by Hindawi Publishing Corporation in Journal of Drug Delivery. This work is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Details regarding the use of this work can be found at: doi: 10.1155/2015/790480