Implicit Memory Effects When Using Pictures with Children and Adults: Hypermnesia Too?
Pictorial stimuli were used to investigate implicit- and explicit-memory phenomena in 3 experiments. The general procedure involved the presentation of a series of pictures during a study phase, followed by an implicit-memory test and an explicit-memory test. In the implicit-memory test, participants were presented with picture fragments and were instructed to write down what the fragment looked like. In the explicit-memory test, participants were asked to make a yes/no recognition decision regarding each picture. For children, implicit memory for pictures was robust when they were tested after a 48-hr interval, but that effect declined after 1 week; a similar implicit-memory effect for pictures was seen with college students; and the time course of the implicit-memory effect for pictures among college students (all short intervals of less than 1 week—1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 days) produced a more elevated implicit-memory performance than during the immediate testing condition. Hypermnesia may have been the cause of the increase in memory performance over the short intervals.
Landrum, R. Eric. (1997). "Implicit Memory Effects When Using Pictures with Children and Adults: Hypermnesia Too?". The Journal of General Psychology, 124(1), 5-17.