High-Performance Infrared Photodetector Based on InAs/GaAs Submonolayer Quantum Dots Grown at High Temperature with a (2×4) Surface Reconstruction

Document Type


Publication Date



We studied the impact of surface reconstruction on the performance of infrared photodetectors containing InAs/GaAs submonolayer quantum dots (SMLQDs) grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Adjusting the substrate temperature before InAs deposition allowed us to move between the conventional c(4×4) reconstruction of the GaAs(001) surface, observed at low growth temperatures, and the (2×4) reconstruction which can only be stabilized at higher sample temperatures than those commonly used to deposit InAs. Photodetectors based on SMLQDs grown on such a (2×4) surface reconstruction outperformed those grown on a c(4×4) reconstruction and provided specific detectivities as high as 8.3×1011 cm Hz1/2 W−1 at 12 K. This increase in performance is due to the nucleation of true two-dimensional InAs islands which are the building blocks of SMLQDs and can only form on a (2×4)-reconstructed GaAs(001) surface.