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Carruthers argues that an integrated faculty of metarepresentation evolved for mindreading and was later exapted for metacognition. A more consistent application of his approach would regard metarepresentation in mindreading with the same skeptical rigor, concluding that the "faculty" may have been entirely exapted. Given this result, the usefulness of Carruthers’ line-drawing exercise is called into question.


This article is a commentary on "How We Know Our Own Minds: The Relationship between Mindreading and Metacognition".

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This is an author-produced, peer-reviewed version of this article. The final, definitive version of this document can be found online at Behavioral and Brain Sciences, published by Cambridge University Press. Copyright restrictions may apply. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X09000570

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