Development and Description of the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) Survey
Incivility in nursing education is a challenging problem and difficult to measure. This paper describes both the development and description of the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) survey. The INE includes eight demographic items, six quantitative items, and four open-ended questions. It measures nursing students' and faculty’s perceptions of and experience with academic incivility. The INE was initially tested in a 2004 pilot study using a convenience sample of 356 nursing students and faculty and re-tested in a 2006 study with another convenience sample of 504 nursing faculty and students. Revisions were made to the INE based on findings from these two studies and from findings derived from a 2006 qualitative study. The INE is easily administered to nursing students and faculty and measures both groups' perceptions of uncivil student and faculty behaviors and their perceived frequency. The INE also provides suggestions for prevention and intervention. Preliminary testing of the INE survey supports its continued use in nursing education and research.
Clark, Cynthia; Farnsworth, Judy; and Landrum, R. Eric. (2009). "Development and Description of the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) Survey". Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 13(1), 7-15.