From Mainstream to Unique: Ten Techniques to Treat Phantom Limb Pain
Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a very real sensation that is felt in the part of a limb that's been amputated. The feelings may include tingling, numbness, heat or cold, feeling like the limb is still there, burning, aching, cramping, and even sharp or shooting pain.
There are known and unknown causes of PLP, any of which may originate in the residual limb, brain, spinal cord or in a connection within the central nervous system (CNS) between the residual limb and the brain. Because there may be more than one cause to the sensations, treatment can be complicated. Finding the appropriate pain intervention for each patient can be challenging but there are many options available.
Di Leo, Amy and Evans, Cecile. (2013). "From Mainstream to Unique: Ten Techniques to Treat Phantom Limb Pain". InMotion, 23(4), 24-27.