2019 Graduate Student Showcase
 

Title of Submission

Unsupervised Image Feature Extraction Using Spiking Neural Networks

Degree Program

Electrical and Computer Engineering, PhD

Major Advisor Name

John Chiasson

Type of Submission

Scholarly Poster

Judging Session

9am - 10:30am - Judging Session #1

Abstract

Deep learning, i.e., the use of deep convolutional neural networks (DCNN), is a powerful tool for pattern recognition (image classification) and natural language (speech) processing. Deep convolutional networks use multiple convoltuion layers to learn the input data. They have been used to classify the large dataset Imagenet with an accuracy of 96.6%. In this work deep spiking networks are considered. This is new paradigm for implementing artificial neural networks using mechanisms that incorporate spike-timing dependent plasticity which is a learning algorithm discovered by neuroscientists. Advances in deep learning has opened up multitude of new avenues that once were limited to science fiction. The promise of spiking networks is that they are less computationally intensive and much more energy efficient as the spiking algorithms can be implemented on a neuromorphic chip such as Intel’s LOIHI chip (operates at low power because it runs asynchronously using spikes). Our work is based on the work of Masquelier and Thorpe, and Kheradpisheh et al. In particular a study is done of how such networks classify MNIST image data and N-MNIST spiking data. The networks used in consist of multiple convolution/pooling layers of spiking neurons trained using spike timing dependent plasticity (STDP) and a final classification layer done using a support vector machine (SVM).

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