Spiking neural circuits have been designed in which the memristive synapses exhibit spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP). STDP is a learning mechanism where synaptic weight (the strength of the connection between two neurons) depends on the timing of pre-and post-synaptic action potentials. A known capability of networks with STDP is detection of simultaneously recurring patterns within the population of afferent neurons. This work uses SPICE (simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis) to demonstrate the spatio-temporal pattern recognition (STPR) effect in networks with 25 afferent neurons. The neuron circuits are the leaky integrate-and-fire (I&F) type and implemented using extensively validated ambipolar nano-crystalline silicon (nc-Si) thin-film transistors (TFT) models. Ideal memristor synapses are driven by a nanoparticle memory thin-film transistor (np-TFT) with a short retention time attached to each neuron circuit output. This device serves to temporally modulate the conductance path from post-synaptic neurons, providing rate-based and timing-dependent learning. With this configuration, the use of a crossbar structures would also be possible, providing dense synaptic connections and potentially reduced energy consumption.
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Cantley, Kurtis D.; Ivans, Robert C.; Subramaniam, Anand; and Vogel, Eric M.. (2017). "Spatio-Temporal Pattern Recognition in Neural Circuits with Memory-Transistor-Driven Memristive Synapses". 2017 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN), 4633-4640. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IJCNN.2017.7966444