Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) consist of spatially-distributed autonomous sensors that can cooperatively monitor physical and environmental conditions. Because of sensors’ resource-constraints in terms of size, power, and bandwidth, one of the fundamental objectives in WSNs is improving energy-efficiency. In this paper, utilizing sensors with variable sensing radii, we propose a group-based technique to obtain energy-efficient k-coverage based on our previous work with the Delaunay-Triangulation-based 1-coverage algorithm. Our sensing-radii optimization technique ensures full coverage and attains nearly-optimal energy consumption in sensing. Furthermore, our ns-2 simulations confirm that the group-based k-coverage reduces sensing energy consumption and maintains a sound coverage ratio for reliable surveillance.
©2010 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/GLOCOM.2009.5425235
Wang, Jiong; Medidi, Sirisha; and Medidi, Muralidhar. (2010). "Energy-Efficient k-Coverage for Wireless Sensor Networks with Variable Sensing Radii". Global Telecommunications Conference, 2009, 1-6.