Document Type


Publication Date



We utilized a mixed-methods design to understand how a national sample of 589 school counselors adapted their approach to address K–12 students’ academic, social/emotional, and career development during the COVID-19 pandemic. More specifically, we examined how COVID-19–induced disparities influenced school counselors’ delivery of services. We identified six themes using thematic analysis and conducted a t test to further understand what services and strategies counselors were actively using 6 months after the onset of COVID-19. Our findings suggest that school counselors continued to adjust their comprehensive school counseling programs to address pandemic-induced disparities.

Copyright Statement

This article is protected by copyright and reuse is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses. Users may also download and save a local copy for the user's personal reference.

Limberg, D., Villares, E., Gonzales, S., Starrett, A. and Rosen, N. "An Investigation of How School Counselors Adapted Their Delivery Due to COVID-Induced Disparities", Professional School Counseling, 26(1b). Copyright © 2022, American School Counselor Association. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.