Single-Case Design: A Primer for Play Therapists

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Play therapy research is typically presented to practitioners as extensive and detailed studies that involve excessive controls of variables and large numbers of subjects in order to generalize findings. However, single-case design is one research design that involves concentration on data collection from few participants and involves clinical decision-making of the play therapist. This article defines single-case design and provides step-by-step suggestions for how to conduct a single-case design study. We also provide a specific example of single-case application to play therapy intervention and further discuss common problems in play therapy single-case design implementation.