Constructing Entities in Scientific Models
Science education research on modeling has often overlooked the prevalence of theoretical objects in scientific models. The phenomena being modeled are often not observable (e.g., what causes a ball to move), but theoretical (e.g., what causes kinetic energy to increase); similarly, objects responsible for those phenomena are often not tangible, but theoretical. Supporting students modeling requires support for developing theoretical objects that populate models, and embodied representations may uniquely support the construction of theoretical objects.
Atkins Elliott, Leslie and Barth-Cohen, Lauren. (2018). "Constructing Entities in Scientific Models". Proceedings of International Conference of the Learning Sciences, ICLS, 3, 1679-1680.