This paper provides a brief chronological overview of Basque immigration and participation in the sheep industry of the American West. It describes the process leading to the conception and development of the National Basque Sheepherder Monument in Reno’s Rancho San Rafael Park, including the discussions with regards to whether it should be Traditional/Realistic or Modern/Symbolic in nature. It explains the potential crisis that threatened to sidetrack the Monument, the inaugural ceremony and the symbolism of the statue Bakardade/Solitude by Basque sculptor Nestor Basterretxea and its relationship with the characteristics of the Basque people. Finally, it incorporates the figurative sculpture donated by the John Ascuaga family to the University of Nevada, Reno.
Urza, Carmelo and Douglass, William A.
"Managing Monumental Crises: The Bakardade (Solitude) National Basque Monument,"
BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal: Vol. 10
, Article 4.
Available at: https://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/boga/vol10/iss1/4