Document Type


Publication Date



There is a critical need to identify primary level students experiencing difficulties in mathematics to provide immediate and targeted instruction that remediate their deficits. However, most early math screening instruments focus only on the concept of number, resulting in inadequate and incomplete information for teachers to design intervention efforts. We propose a mathematics assessment that screens and provides diagnostic information in six domains important to building a strong foundation in mathematics. This article describes the conceptual framework and psychometric qualities of a web-based assessment tool, the Primary Math Assessment (PMA). The PMA includes a screener to identify students at risk for poor math outcomes and a diagnostic to provide a more in-depth profile of specific deficits. The PMA allows teachers and school personnel to make better instructional decisions by providing more targeted analyses.


Date provided is the online early release publication date.

Copyright Statement

This is an author-produced, peer-reviewed version of this article. The final, definitive version of this document can be found online at Early Childhood Education Journal, published by Springer. Copyright restrictions may apply.The final publication is available at doi: 10.1007/s10643-017-0854-x

Available for download on Monday, April 09, 2018