Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both the nation and the state of Idaho. Nearly half of all Americans have at least one risk factor for heart disease, including high blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, or a habit of smoking. In this research project, a number of policy proposals are analyzed as potential legislative actions the Idaho State Legislature should take to prevent heart disease. These proposals stem from previous legislative actions taken or proposed by other states in the U.S., policy recommendations from governmental agencies and departments, as well as policy recommendations from health-related non-governmental organizations. The structure of this research project emulates a policy analysis paper, providing a Background, Landscape, Options, and Recommendation section. The Background section provides relevant information on material related to the policy proposals listed in the Options section, and the Landscape section lists key stakeholders likely to be affected by these proposals. In addition to the policy proposals, the Options section includes an Options Assessment Table which visually compares the effectiveness, cost to state government, and political feasibility of each proposal. The Recommendation section selects and further describes the policy proposal Idaho state lawmakers should pursue. Ultimately, encouraging or incentivizing local governments to increase access to places for physical activity is the recommended policy proposal that will likely effectuate the most widespread benefit in preventing heart disease in the state of Idaho.
Smith, Levi, "Preventing Idaho's Deadliest Disease: Policy Proposals to Prevent Heart Disease" (2022). 2022 Undergraduate Research Showcase. 22.