Dr. Iryna Babik
The investigation of out-group perception, starting in early childhood, has been increasingly important in the recent years. The purpose of the current study is to investigate how parenting style, child’s temperament, and child’s attachment style affect out-group perceptions in early childhood (3-7 years). Authoritarian parenting, which is demanding, over-controlling, and unresponsive , is more likely to produce fearful individuals who tend to protect the in-group and display out-group biases . Conversely, authoritative parenting, which is warm, responsive, and undemanding , produces empathetic, open-minded children who tend to condemn out-group biases [3,4]. For temperament, self-confident, social children (3-4 years) often grow up to show greater acceptance toward out-groups compared to fearful, indecisive children who often grow up to be resistant to change and have more negative attitudes toward out-group members . For attachment styles, infants who are securely attached grow up to embrace differences in members of out-groups and condemn intergroup biases. In contrast, insecurely attached infants become individuals who seek security in their affiliation with ingroups, which triggers intergroups biases and social exclusion . By understanding how these factors affect out-group perception, we can work to foster positive attitudes toward out-groups and create more inclusive environments, beginning in early childhood.
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Gardner, Elena and Babik, Iryna, "The Effect of Parenting Style, Child’s Temperament, and Child’s Attachment Style on Out-Group Perception" (2021). 2021 Undergraduate Research Showcase. 156.