The Parthenon's construction started in 447 B.C. and was completed by 438 B.C. The structure was built as a temple dedicated to the Greek Goddess Athena and is widely regarded as one of the most important structures still standing from its time period. Originally seen as a monument to the victory over Persian invaders, it has served many different purposes from a place of worship to a treasury for gold storage. Pericles, a famous Greek statesman, is recognized as the temple's builder. There is evidence suggesting that there was a prior temple dedicated to the Goddess of Arts, Literature, Wisdom, and War. This first structure known as the Old Parthenon, stood in the same spot as its successor but is thought to have been destroyed by invading Persians. As can be expected of a structure thousands of years old, control of the Parthenon switched hands many times over the centuries. From the Greeks, to the Byzantines, to the Ottomans and finally back to the Greeks, the Parthenon lasted throughout it all.
Kilgore, Piper; West, Mark; and Perry, Connor, "The Parthenon" (2021). 2021 Undergraduate Research Showcase. 125.