2021 Undergraduate Research Showcase

Document Type

Student Presentation

Presentation Date


Faculty Sponsor

Matthew C. Genuchi


Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is characterized by certain attitudes that may intersect with traditional masculine gender role norms. Attitudes such as self-dislike and self-criticism may play a significant role in men's behaviors, including the gendered ways that men cope with self-criticism and/or self-dislike. To date, no research provides insight into specific attitudes and certain coping styles in men that conform more strongly to traditional masculine gender norms. The goal of the study was to analyze relationships between depressive attitudes (self-criticism and self-dislike) and coping in groups reporting high, moderate, and low conformity to masculine norms. It was hypothesized that self-critical attitudes would be negatively associated with coping via social conformity, and self-dislike would be positively associated with coping using thought suppression and distraction in men reporting high conformity to masculine norms. 758 men were recruited online who reported a stressful life event within the previous three months. The results indicated a weak, negative correlation between self-criticism and distraction. Therefore, self-criticism may be especially difficult for men to manage, but distraction may be employed by men to reduce their associated distress.



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