Dr. Jayash Paudel
Section 117 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) requires institutions participating in the Title IV student assistance programs to provide information about gifts received from any foreign source. Using the most detailed data on foreign gifts and contracts among Title IV domestic educational institutions, the study explores trends in three primary sources of foreign funding: contracts, monetary gifts and ownership interests in or control over the institution by a foreign entity. Specifically, the study analyzes over 23,000 unique transactions among 225 educational institutions in 184 cities in 44 states from 2013 to 2019. Preliminary analysis shows that amounts of foreign gift received by institutions ranged from $422,893 in 2013 to $693,513 in 2019, with a maximum value of $725,996 in 2016. Results indicate that the most common type of gift since 2013 has been contract gifts (56.40%), preceded by monetary gifts (43.47%). Future analysis will include a detailed investigation on primary channels behind the rise of foreign gifts over time and university-level characteristics that influence sources of foreign gift. Estimates from the study have significant policy implications, especially in relation to funding mechanisms prevalent among public universities in the United States.
White, Cade and Paudel, Jayash, "Foreign Gifts and Higher Education: Evidence From the Us" (2020). 2020 Undergraduate Research Showcase. 202.