How Coaching Feedback Influences an Athlete’s Motivation: A Self-Determination Perspective
Dr. Eric Martin
Coaching feedback is an important influencing factor on an athlete’s motivation in sport. Specifically, coaches send messages through how they deliver reinforcement, punishment, and correctional instruction. Coaches deliver different types of athlete feedback which can shape athlete’s motivation in sport and influence a wide range of other outcomes including coach-athlete and peer relationships, performance, and continuation in sport. One way to measure motivation is through Self-Determination Theory. Self-Determination Theory indicates there are several types of motivation, but those can be grouped into two primary kinds; intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation comes from the athlete themselves, and is characterized by high levels of autonomy whereas extrinsic motivation relates to motivational factors external to the athlete that occur in the environment. The relationship between coaching feedback and motivation has not been extensively studied from the perspective of athletes. Therefore, the purpose of our study is to investigate how Division 1 athletes perceive their coach’s feedback, what type of motivation Division 1 athletes have for their sport, how feedback from coaches influence an athlete’s motivation, and if male and female athletes perceive coach feedback differently.
Stevens, Emily A. and Martin, Eric, "How Coaching Feedback Influences an Athlete’s Motivation: A Self-Determination Perspective" (2020). 2020 Undergraduate Research Showcase. 179.