2020 Undergraduate Research Showcase


Childhood Depression Correlation with Parental Education

Document Type

Student Presentation

Presentation Date


Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Megan Smith


Depression is one of the leading causes of illness and disability worldwide. Half of mental health conditions go unnoticed and untreated, this has a lifelong impact impairing both mental and physical health which hinders one from living a fulfilling life. Research shows socio-economic status may be related to mental health outcomes such as depression. It has been well demonstrated that one of the best indicators of Socioeconomic Status is maternal educational attainment. The current study investigates how maternal education levels may impact adolescents’ mental health. A one-way between subjects’ ANOVA was conducted. There was a significant effect of level of education on depression at all levels [F (8, 10268) = 7.748, p<.01]. Additionally, most levels were significantly different from mom who had obtained less than a high school diploma. These results, similar to previous studies, suggest higher levels of education may reduce the risk of adolescent depression. Of course, SES is linked to many social determinants of health and future studies should consider the specific mechanisms that may link maternal education and/or SES to depression related outcomes.

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