Does Grit Predict Perfectionism in Division I Student-Athletes

Document Type

Student Presentation

Presentation Date



College of Health Sciences


Department of Kinesiology

Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Eric Martin


The relationship between grit and perfectionism in the athlete population is largely unstudied. Therefore, the current study had two primary research questions, specifically, does gender, age, parental education, or scholarship status influence an athletes’ level of grit and perfectionism and do athletes’ levels of perfectionism predict their grit? To answer these questions, 254 Division I student-athletes completed a survey that included measures of demographics, grit and perfectionism. Researchers found that there were significant differences in age of athletes in both grit and perfectionism. Specifically, older athletes perceived higher levels of perceived coach pressure, organization, and consistency of effort. Results of a multivariate multiple regression showed that higher levels of maladaptive forms of perfectionism, specifically concern over mistakes and doubts about actions, led to lower levels of grit while higher levels of organization were related to higher levels of grit. Overall, efforts need to be made to cultivate adaptive forms of perfectionism while reducing the maladaptive forms in order to promote athlete success. Specifically, the relationships between grit and perfectionism indicate that coaches should encourage athletes’ organization and confidence to lead to best results.

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