Concussion Knowledge and Reporting
College of Health Sciences
Department of Kinesiology
Dr. Eric Martin
Concussions can cause long and short term neurological, cognitive, and behavioral consequences (Kroshus et. al., 2014); however, despite these serious consequences approximately 50% of concussions go unreported (e.g., Delaney et al., 2002). Previous research has attributed low reporting rates to a lack of knowledge, desire to continue playing, and social norms (Register-Mihalik et. al., 2013). To increase the understanding on concussion reporting rates 185 high school athletes were surveyed on their knowledge and concussion reporting behaviors. The current study found that 36.5% of student athletes were able to identify concussion symptoms, and 20% were aware of post-concussion guidelines and protocol. When reporting a concussion athletes most frequently went to coaches or athletic trainers for help. However, when looking for general information on concussions 20% of athletes reported having nowhere to go, 15.7% sought out family or friends, and 12.9% sought out a coach or athletic trainer. The three most common rationale for choosing an information source were expertise, relationship with individuals, and appropriate resources. It is important for athletes, coaches, and athletic trainers to have a versed knowledge in concussions and post-concussion protocol to create a safer sports environment.
Amador, Adriana, "Concussion Knowledge and Reporting" (2019). 2019 Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Conference. 5.