Publication Date


Type of Culminating Activity


Degree Title

Master of Music, Music Education



Major Advisor

James A. Goodman


The purpose of this research was to understand the perceptions of music educators and school administrators regarding current practices in curricular offerings as they pertain to music education. These included experienced and anticipated changes to the music curriculum, music education participation rates, barriers to music participation, and school and music course ethnic composition. From a regional perspective, music teachers and administrators were surveyed to determine if perceptions regarding any of the above items varied significantly between the groups. Total potential subjects were selected through random stratified sampling (in Washington) or all music educators (Oregon and Idaho) (n = 922). Respondents to the survey included secondary music educators (n = 167) and administrators (n = 57). Participants responded to an online survey (22% response rate) regarding curricular offerings and perceived enrollment and participation trajectories. Results revealed significant differences in participation rates based on school size. Other results included most common ensemble offerings and nonperformance opportunities in Northwestern states. Highlighted challenges included graduation requirements and core curriculum effects on music participation rates and funding/budget concerns due to shifting population and decreased state support.