Publication Date


Date of Final Oral Examination (Defense)


Type of Culminating Activity


Degree Title

Doctor of Education in Curriculum and Instruction


Curriculum, Instruction, and Foundational Studies

Major Advisor

Diana M. Doumas, Ph.D.

Major Advisor

Aida Midgett, Ed.D.


Laura L. Gallo, Ph.D.


Susan Esp, Ph.D.


Comprised of three individual articles, this article-based dissertation investigates the relationship between bullying and substance use among high school students. Chapter One provides an overview of the dissertation’s purpose along with a discussion of the theoretical framework and development of the studies comprising the dissertation. Chapter Two examines the relationship between bullying victimization and substance use among high school students. Findings demonstrate that students who reported bullying victimization reported higher levels of alcohol and illicit drug use, but not marijuana use. Chapter Three is a mixed methods study assessing the appropriateness of an “aged-up” brief bullying bystander intervention (STAC) and exploring the lived experiences of high school students trained in the program. Quantitative results include an increase in knowledge and confidence to intervene in bullying situations, awareness of bullying, and use of the STAC strategies. Qualitative results support quantitative findings. These findings led to the final study, Chapter Four, which examines the efficacy of a brief, bystander bullying intervention (STAC) on reducing alcohol use among high school students. At 30-day follow-up, high-risk drinkers in the intervention group reported greater reductions in alcohol use compared to those in the control group.