National Football League Anti-Fans

Document Type

Student Presentation

Presentation Date


Faculty Sponsor

Laurel Traynowicz


The National Football League (NFL) rules the sport world. In 2014, the NFL ranked as America's top sport for the 30th straight season (Murray, 2014). With 64% of Americans watching, there is no question the NFL is an important part of American culture (Gorman, 2011). Ardent fans of the NFL are dedicated to and passionate about their teams. A seldom-studied effect of ardent fandom is anti-fandom. Despising a favorite team's rival is part of the fun, but what makes a fan an anti-fan? Anti-fans and team rivalries have existed since the birth of the NFL in 1920, but to this day the reasons for both anti-fans and team rivalries are not quite clear. The purpose of this research is to clarify the evolution and existence of the NFL anti-fan. A Qualtrics survey was administered to NFL fans. Results indicate connections between fandom and anti-fandom, and implications are drawn for future research.

This document is currently not available here.