National Football League Anti-Fans
The National Football League (NFL) rules the sport world. In 2014, the NFL ranked as America's top sport for the 30th straight season (Murray, 2014). With 64% of Americans watching, there is no question the NFL is an important part of American culture (Gorman, 2011). Ardent fans of the NFL are dedicated to and passionate about their teams. A seldom-studied effect of ardent fandom is anti-fandom. Despising a favorite team's rival is part of the fun, but what makes a fan an anti-fan? Anti-fans and team rivalries have existed since the birth of the NFL in 1920, but to this day the reasons for both anti-fans and team rivalries are not quite clear. The purpose of this research is to clarify the evolution and existence of the NFL anti-fan. A Qualtrics survey was administered to NFL fans. Results indicate connections between fandom and anti-fandom, and implications are drawn for future research.
Garcia, Jajaira; Johnson, Terrell; Morin, Janice; and Turner, Antoine, "National Football League Anti-Fans" (2015). College of Social Sciences and Public Affairs Presentations. 18.