Human reliability analysis (HRA) may be performed prospectively for a newly designed system or retrospectively for an as-built system, typically in response to a safety incident. The SPAR-H HRA method was originally developed for retrospective analysis in the U.S. nuclear industry. As HRA has found homes in new safety critical areas, HRA methods developed predominantly for nuclear power applications are being used in novel ways. The Petro-HRA method represents a significant adaptation of the SPAR-H method for petroleum applications. Current guidance on Petro-HRA considers only prospective applications of the method, such as for review of new systems to be installed at offshore installations. In this paper, we review retrospective applications of Petro-HRA and analyze the Macando Oil Well-Deepwater Horizon accident as a case study.
Boring, R.L.; Rasmussen, M.; Ulrich, T.A. & Blackman, H.S. "Retrospective Application of Human Reliability Analysis for Oil and Gas Incidents: A Case Study Using the Petro-HRA Method", Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 61(1), 1653-1657. Copyright © 2017 (SAGE). Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1541931213601900
Boring, Ronald L.; Rasmussen, Martin; Ulrich, Thomas A.; and Blackman, Harold S., "Retrospective Application of Human Reliability Analysis for Oil and Gas Incidents: A Case Study Using the Petro-HRA Method" (2017). Division of Research and Economic Development Publications and Presentations. 4.