Municipal Arts and Cultural Plans: Implementation and Impact

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Arts and cultural planning is a growing subfield of planning, but we know little about how arts and cultural master plans are used in daily practice. Based on a survey of planners in 64 U.S. cities, we found that arts and cultural planners draw on arts and cultural plans more and view these plans as more influential than do general planners. Respondents highlighted plans’ importance in increasing community pride, government support for creative and cultural organizations, and in supporting economic development and place-based interventions. Participants thought they had made good progress towards implementation but still had work to do.