Synthesis of Dysprosium and Cerium Nitrides by a Mechanically Induced Gas–Solid Reaction

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A high energy ball milling process was used to produce dysprosium nitride and cerium nitride powders at room temperature. Dysprosium and cerium metal flakes were milled in a 275 kPa nitrogen atmosphere for 24 h at ambient temperatures. X-ray diffraction confirmed the formation of phase pure dysprosium nitride and cerium nitride powders. The median particle size of the resultant dysprosium nitride was measured as 4 μm using a laser scattering technique. The particle size of the cerium nitride was not measured due to its reactive nature.