A systematic approach to measuring radiation-induced segregation (RIS) was used on four ferritic–martensitic (F–M) alloys: T91, HCM12A, HT9, and a Fe–9Cr model alloy, irradiated with 2.0 MeV protons over a range of doses (1–10 dpa) and temperatures (300–700°C). The experimental conditions are established so as to isolate the dependence of RIS on the experimental parameters: temperature, dose and bulk composition. RIS is measured at prior austenite grain boundaries (PAGBs) using the STEM/EDX technique. Chromium is found to enrich at PAGBs in all conditions with the exception being T91 irradiated to 3 dpa at 700°C. The magnitude of enrichment is small (<2 at%). Minor elements Si, Ni, and Cu also enrich consistently. A bell-shaped temperature dependence of RIS is observed in all elements. The amount of Cr enrichment decreases as a function of increasing bulk Cr concentration. Lastly, it is found that the 9Cr model alloy reaches a steady-state Cr RIS behavior at approximately 7 dpa, while the T91 reaches what may be a steady state near 3 dpa, then the amount of enrichment decreases at 10 dpa.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Nuclear Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.07.071.
Wharry, Janelle P. and Was, Gary S.. (2013). "A Systematic Study of Radiation-Induced Segregation in Ferritic–Martensitic Alloys". Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), 7-16.