A Novel Fix to Reduce the Log-Layer Mismatch in Wall-Modeled Large-Eddy Simulations of Turbulent Channel Flow

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Conference Proceeding

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The log-layer mismatch arises when a Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) model is blended with a large-eddy simulation (LES) model in a hybrid fashion. Numerous researchers have tackled this problem by simulating a turbulent channel flow. We show that the log-layer mismatch in hybrid RANS-LES can be reduced substantially by splitting the mean pressure gradient term in the wall-normal direction in a manner that keeps the mass flow rate constant. Additionally, an analysis of the wall-normal variation of the friction velocity shows a constant value is recovered in the resolved LES region different than the value at the wall. Second-order turbulence statistics agree very well with direct numerical simulation (DNS) benchmarks when scaled with the friction velocity extracted from the resolved LES region. In light of our findings, we suggest that the current convention to drive a turbulent periodic channel flow with a uniform mean pressure gradient be revisited in testing eddy-viscosity-based hybrid RANS-LES models as it appears to be the culprit behind the log-layer mismatch.