Many smart apartments and renovated residential buildings have installed Smart Meters (SMs), which collect interval data to accelerate more efficient energy management in multi-family residential buildings. SMs are widely used for electricity, but many utility companies have been working on systems for natural gas and water monitoring to be included in SMs. In this study, we analyze heating energy use data obtained from SMs for short-term monitoring and annual predictions using change-point models for the coefficient checking method. It was found that 9-month periods were required to search the best short-term heating energy monitoring periods when non-weather-related and weather-related heating loads and heating change-point temperatures are considered. In addition, the 9-month to 11-month periods were needed for the analysis to apply to other case study residences in the same high-rise apartment. For the accurate annual heating prediction, 11-month periods were necessary. Finally, the results from the heating performance analysis of this study were compared with the cooling performance analysis from a previous study. This study found that the coefficient checking method is a simple and easy-to-interpret approach to analyze interval heating energy use in multi-family residential buildings. It was also found that the period of short-term energy monitoring should be carefully selected to effectively collect targeted heating and cooling data for an energy audit or annual prediction.
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Oh, Sukjoon; Kim, Chul; Heo, Joonghyeok; Do, Sung Lok; and Kim, Kee Han. (2020). "Heating Performance Analysis for Short-Term Energy Monitoring and Prediction Using Multi-Family Residential Energy Consumption Data". Energies, 13(12), 3189-1 - 3189-22. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en13123189