Fall 2021

Type of Culminating Activity

Student research paper


This Capstone Project is an effort to improve social perceptions toward mountain bikers and reduce multi user conflict through a social bridge building initiative which will donate bells to the local mountain bikers in Boise Idaho. It began with outreach to stakeholders to identify shared values and create a shared vision for how to approach these problems using donated bells. A fundraiser was started which could be advertised through social media by the stakeholders. In the spring of 2022 bells will be distributed directly to mountain bikers encountered on the trails by the Ridge to Rivers Rangers. The method of distribution will include an educational discussion about responsible bell usage, trail etiquette, and will act as a catalyst for Ridge to Rivers to engage the public and provide opportunities for different types of advocacy and collaborative participation.

Degree Program

Bachelor of Multidisciplinary Studies


Margaret Sass, J.D., Ed.D.



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