Coaching Behaviors and Adolescent Athletes' Sportspersonship Outcomes: Further Validation of the Sportsmanship Coaching Behaviors Scale (SCBS)

Document Type


Publication Date





N. D. Bolter and M. R. Weiss (2012, Coaching for character: Development of the Sportsmanship Coaching Behaviors Scale (SCBS). Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 1, 73–90) created and provided initial validity for the Sportsmanship Coaching Behavior Scale (SCBS) to assess adolescent athletes' perceptions of coaches' behaviors that promote or deter sportsperson-like behaviors. The present study provided additional factorial and criterion validity for the SCBS with a sample of 418 adolescents (211 female, 207 male) participating in a variety of team sports. Participants completed the SCBS and a measure of prosocial and antisocial behaviors toward teammates and opponents (M. Kavussanu and I. D. Boardley, 2009, The prosocial and antisocial behavior in sport scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31, 97–117). A confirmatory factor analysis established factorial validity and gender invariance for a 6-factor model of the SCBS. Criterion validity was shown in that four coaching behaviors (modeling, reinforcing, teaching, and prioritizing winning) were related to athletes' prosocial and antisocial behaviors in theoretically consistent ways. Unique findings emerged for boys and girls in the pattern of relationships between coaching behaviors and sportspersonship outcomes. Teaching and modeling were important coaching mechanisms for explaining girls' sportspersonship behaviors, whereas reinforcing and prioritizing winning were significantly related to boys' sportspersonship behaviors. Results provide support for a valid and reliable tool for assessing coaches' influence in promoting athletes' sportspersonship outcomes.