The Influence of Motivational Values on Instructional Designers’ Values About Methods

Document Type


Publication Date



The focus of this research is on values about methods, a specific instructional theory framework construct that represents a person’s opinions about the usefulness of instructional methods. Previous studies have shown that values about methods have a “good guy/bad guy” structure, where instructional methods such as apprenticeship are seen by designers as being more useful than instructional methods such as lecture. This led to the question, how do human values influence values about methods? To answer this question, the researcher asked Designers (instructional design graduate students) and Non-Designers (undergraduate students in an introductory psychology class) to rate the usefulness of three higher-valued instructional methods and three lower-valued instructional methods. The researcher then asked them to rate how well those instructional methods reflect ten motivational value types. The results show that both higher-valued methods and lower-valued methods align with individualistic values as opposed to communal values, with varying intensity.