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We present a simple and automated approach to estimate primary site‐response resonance, layer thickness, and shear‐wave velocity directly from a dispersion image for a layer over half‐space problem. We demonstrate this for high‐impedance boundary conditions that lie in the upper tens of meters. Our approach eliminates the need for time‐consuming dispersion curve picking and 1D shear‐wave velocity inversion for large data volumes that can capture velocity structure in profile. We highlight important relationships between dispersion characteristics and resonance parameters through synthetic modeling and field data acquired over Atlantic Coastal Plain sediments. In this environment, shallow soil conditions are critical to accurately estimate earthquake site response. We suggest that this image processing approach can be applied to a range of high‐impedance conditions, at a range of scales, or can provide model constraints for more complex velocity structures.

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This is an author-produced, peer-reviewed version of this article. The final, definitive version of this document can be found online at Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, published by Seismological Society of America. Copyright restrictions may apply. The content of this document may vary from the final published version.