Spectral Decomposition of Seismic Data with Continuous-Wavelet Transform
This paper presents a new methodology for computing a time-frequency map for nonstationary signals using the continuous-wavelet transform (CWT). The conventional method of producing a time-frequency map using the short time Fourier transform (STFT) limits time-frequency resolution by a predefined window length. In contrast, the CWT method does not require preselecting a window length and does not have a fixed time-frequency resolution over the time-frequency space. CWT uses dilation and translation of a wavelet to produce a time-scale map. A single scale encompasses a frequency band and is inversely proportional to the time support of the dilated wavelet. Previous workers have converted a time-scale map into a time-frequency map by taking the center frequencies of each scale. We transform the time-scale map by taking the Fourier transform of the inverse CWT to produce a time-frequency map. Thus, a time-scale map is converted into a time-frequency map in which the amplitudes of individual frequencies rather than frequency bands are represented. We refer to such a map as the time-frequency CWT (TFCWT). We validate our approach with a nonstationary synthetic example and compare the results with the STFT and a typical CWT spectrum. Two field examples illustrate that the TFCWT potentially can be used to detect frequency shadows caused by hydrocarbons and to identify subtle stratigraphic features for reservoir characterization.
Sinha, Satish; Routh, Partha S.; Anno, Phil D.; and Castagna, John P.. (2005). "Spectral Decomposition of Seismic Data with Continuous-Wavelet Transform". Geophysics, 70(6), P19-P25.