Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 2015


Maria-Mercè Marçal was born in 1952, in the middle of the fascist dictatorship in Spain, which lasted from the end of the Civil War in 1939 to the death of Francisco Franco in 1975. Marçal writes, “A l’atzar agraeixo tres dons: haver nascut dona, de classe baixa i nació oprimida” [I thank fate for three gifts: having been born a woman, to the lower class, in an oppressed nation], a phrase that is still famous in Catalan graffiti today.


This work was translated by Clyde Moneyhun from the original Catalan written by Maria-Mercè Marçal.

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This document was originally published by University of Iowa - College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, Division of World Languages, Literatures & Cultures in Exchanges Literary Journal. Copyright restrictions may apply.