The push toward voting via hand-marked paper ballots has focused attention on the limitations of current optical scan systems. Discrepancies between human and machine interpretations of ballot markings can lead to a loss of trust in the election process. In this paper, a style-based approach to ballot recognition is proposed in which marks are recognized collectively rather than in isolation. The consistency of a voter’s style is leveraged to improve the overall accuracy of the system. We compare style-based recognition to various kinds of singlet classifiers and show that it outperforms them by a substantial margin
©2008 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/ICDAR.2009.273
Xiu, Pingping; Lopresti, Daniel; Baird, Henry; Nagy, George; and Barney Smith, Elisa. (2009). "Style-Based Ballot Mark Recognition". 10th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, 2009. ICDAR '09., 216-220.