In this paper, a two-dimensional cylindrical Lens antenna based on the parallel plate technique is designed. It supports beam-steering capability of 58° at 28 GHz. The antenna is composed of low loss rectangular waveguide antennas, which are positioned around a homogeneous cylindrical Teflon lens in the air region of two conducting parallel plates. The Beam scanning can be achieved by switching between the antenna elements. The main advantages of our design include its relative simplicity, ease of fabrication, and high-power handling capability. Compared to previous works including a curvature optimization for the plate separation of the parallel plates, the proposed antenna has a constant distance between plates. At the 28 GHz, the maximum simulated gain value is about 19 dB. Furthermore, the designed antenna only deviates about 0.4 dB over the 58° scan range.
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Shad, Saeideh; Kausar, Shafaq; and Mehrpouyan, Hani. (2019). "Waveguide-Fed Lens Based Beam-Steering Antenna For 5G Wireless Communications". 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting: Proceedings, 1149-1150. https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/APUSNCURSINRSM.2019.8889031