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DNA was first discovered as the carrier of genetic information for the majority of the known living organisms, encoding the secret of life. Its delicate design based upon double helical structure and base pairing offers a stable and reliable media for storing hereditary codes, laying the foundation for the central dogma (Watson et al. 2003). The impact of this molecule is far reaching into scientific community and our society, as manifested in many fields, for instance, forensics (Budowle et al. 2003), besides medicine. To date, a great deal of research effort has been directed towards understanding

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This document was originally published by InTech in Biomaterials Science and Engineering. This work is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Details regarding the use of this work can be found at: DOI:10.5772/23891