Systematic Design of Multi-Bit Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators Using Two-Step Quantizer
A 500 MS/s, wideband 4th order continuous-time delta sigma modulator (CT-ΣΔM) using a two-step 5-bit quantizer, consisting of only 10 comparators, is proposed and presented using 0.18μm CMOS technology. A proposed modulator takes advantage of the high resolution two step quantization technique and an excess loop compensation of more than one cycle to achieve a low-power, high dynamic range with a wide conversion bandwidth. A robust systematic design method is used to determine the loop filter coefficients by considering the non-ideal opamps effects including the finite gain and the presence of multiple internal poles and zeros. The proposed CT-ΣΔM achieves a dynamic range of 75.83 dB, peak SNR of 75.1 dB with 25 MHz bandwidth (OSR = 10) while consuming only 27.5 mW from the 1.8 V supply. The relevant design trade offs have been investigated and presented with simulation results.
Balagopal, Sakkarapani; Koppula, Rajaram Mohan Roy; and Saxena, Vishal. (2011). "Systematic Design of Multi-Bit Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators Using Two-Step Quantizer". 2011 IEEE 54th International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS), 1-4.